1980s - 1990s
Return to Democracy
The Gwangju Democratization Struggle, alternatively called the May 18 Democratic Uprising by UNESCO, and also known as May 18 Gwangju Democratization Movement was a popular uprising in the city of Gwangju, South Korea, from May 18 to May 27, 1980. Estimates suggest that around 2,000 people died. During this period, Gwangju citizens took up arms after local Chonnam University students who were demonstrating against the martial law government were fired upon, killed, raped and beaten by government troops. The event is sometimes called 5·18, in reference to the date the movement began. @Wiki
Again, Fighting for Democracy
1980s - Increasing shift towards high-tech and computer industry.
1987 - President Chun pushed out of office by student unrest and international pressure in the build-up to the Sixth Constitution. General Roh Tae-woo succeeds President Chun, grants greater degree of political liberalisation and launches anti-corruption drive.
1988 - Olympic games in Seoul. First free parliamentary elections.
1991 - North and South Korea join United Nations.
1993 - President Roh succeeded by Kim Young Sam, a former opponent of the regime and the first freely-elected civilian president.
1996 - South Korea admitted to Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
1998 - Kim Dae-jung sworn in as president and pursues "sunshine policy" of offering unconditional economic and humanitarian aid to North Korea.
2000 June - Summit in Pyongyang between Kim Jong-il and South Korean President Kim Dae-jung. North stops propaganda broadcasts against South.
2000 August - Border liaison offices re-open at truce village of Panmunjom. South Korea gives amnesty to more than 3,500 prisoners. One hundred North Koreans meet their relatives in the South in a highly-charged, emotional reunion. Kim Dae-jung awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
As a result of a tragic Korean war, both North and South Korea caused massive death of the public and damaged to our economies and national infrastructure. In the aftermath of the Korean war, the United States significantly aided to South Korea under the auspices of the United Nations Korea Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) while North Korean reconstruction was assisted by fraternal socialist nations the USSR and China. In the years of the following the Korean war, North Korea's growth rate of total industrial output exceeded that of South Korea, averaging 39% between 1953 and 1960.